This session begins with an overview presentation on scenarios of world demand for crops through 2050 with and without anticipated climate change. Results are drawn from a recent multi-model study of world food demand organized by the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP). Economic responses to climate change include changes in cropland area, crop yield, international trade, crop consumption, and prices.
A second presentation will discuss the challenges of animal protein production and the research priorities needed to address them. Other topics for this session include competition for land between food crops and energy crops, sustainability of livestock production, economics of the U.S. food system, and the potential for organic production systems.
Opening Remarks: Ron Sands, Senior Economist, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Moderator: Birgit Meade, Economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture
- Carolyn Dimitri, Associate Professor of Food Studies, Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University
- Robin Schoen, Director, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources (BANR), The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
- Steve Slater, Vice President of Research and Development, Midwestern BioAg
Closing Remarks: Jerry Miller, Director of Science and Technology for Sustainability Program, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Ron Sands joined the USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) in 2009 as a Senior Economist. Dr. Sands’ primary activity is the development of the Future Agricultural Resources Model (FARM), a global computable-general-equilibrium model used to simulate agricultural adaptation to climate change and options for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions in agricultural, forestry, and energy systems. Prior to joining ERS, Dr. Sands had nearly 22 years of service with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He currently serves as co-chair of the Interagency Group on Integrative Modeling, an interagency working group of the U.S. Global Change Research Program.
Birgit Meade is an economist with the USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS). Dr. Meade’s research focus is on trade agreement analysis, global food security, and international food demand issues. She has been a lead author of annual International Food Security Assessment reports, a flagship publication of ERS, for more than 20 years. As co-author of reports and articles presenting food demand elasticities, she currently works with researchers at the University of Florida and the World Bank to provide updated estimates based on a unique World Bank data set for 2011 which covers 180 countries. These elasticities are valuable inputs in models around the world.
Carolyn Dimitri is an Associate Professor of Food Studies in the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health at New York University. Her teaching and research focuses on the U.S. food system, including the organic food system. She is currently working on a book examining the economics of the U.S. food system. Prior to joining the NYU faculty, Dr. Dimitri worked as a research economist at the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. She is an Associate Editor of the journal Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, a member of the scientific board of the Organic Center, and a member of the executive board of the Organic Farming Research Foundation.
Since 2005, Robin Schoen has led BANR ‘s portfolio of work which currently includes studies on workforce needs in food and agriculture, genetically engineered crops, brucellosis in the greater Yellowstone area, occupational health and injury surveillance, and nutrient requirements of beef cattle. In her 25-year career at the Academies’, she has led a diversity of activities, including a Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant that sent US experts and their equipment to Mexico and South America to teach advanced molecular biology courses to young investigators, and a study on the responsibilities of authorship: sharing publication-related data and materials. (202-334-2236, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Dr. Steve Slater, Vice President of Research and Development, joined Midwestern BioAg in 2014. He is a geneticist/biochemist with over 20 years of experience in biotechnology and agricultural research. He has particular expertise in genetics and genomics of bacteria and plants. Most recently he was scientific programs manager at Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. From 2004 to 2008, Dr. Slater was an associate professor at Arizona State University. Prior to his work in academia, he spent nearly 10 years at Monsanto Co. as a senior scientist. He received his Ph.D. in Molecular Microbiology from Case Western Reserve University and was an NIH Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University.
Jerry Miller was appointed Director of the Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) Program at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in February 2015. Previously, Dr. Miller served as President of Science for Decisions, a consulting practice which he founded to ensure that solid science is available to inform policy and management decisions that impact natural resources and the livelihoods that depend upon them. From 2009 until 2013, Dr. Miller served as Assistant Director for Ocean Sciences at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP).
- Ron Sands, Agricultural Economist, US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service
- Jennifer Saunders, Senior Program Officer, National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
- Emi Kameyama, Program Associate, National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine